There is plenty about the ancient civilization that would intrigue and delight us and today we have listed “Top 10 Amazing Facts About Ancient Egypt”.
10. The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is as big as they get. Though each pyramid of Egypt is amazing in its own right, the Great Pyramid of Giza stands to be the largest in the world. That is so long as you are not accounting for volume as the Cholula pyramid in Mexico beats Giza in that respect by 1 million cubic yards. Giza however was built 230 meters (755 ft.) long and 146 meters (479 ft.) high as the final resting place for the King Khufu.
The massive structure took over 20 years to complete and it is estimated that it took two and a half minutes to set each of the two million limestone blocks in place. The pyramid’s interior is made up of three burial chambers with only one at the center of the pyramid being inhabited. King Khufu rests at the center of the pyramid accessible by an 8 meter (26 ft.) high Grand Gallery.
09. Egyptian Mummification
Egyptian Mummification was an elaborate process. Thought to ensure safe passage into the afterlife, the process of mummification followed a very specific process. First the body is transported to the EBU or where the body is purified with palm wine and water from the Nile. All internal organs are removed via precise surgical methods and placed inside canopic jars designed after an Egyptian god. With the organs removed the body is dried out and then covered with oils before being wrapped.
The wrapping process was quite involved with the arms legs fingers and toes being wrapped individually at first. Amulets and Scrolls scribed with spells from the Book of the Dead are placed on the body before the limbs are tied together and the body is wrapped entirely. Finally, the last layer of cloth is painted with the picture of Osiris the god of the afterlife. At this point the body is ready to be placed in its coffin about 70 days after the deceased has passed away.
08. Egyptian Women’s Rights
Compared to most ancient cultures women of Egypt were amongst the best treated in recorded history where other cultures believed women were to serve man. The women of ancient Egypt could own land and act on their own free will. Women could enter into legal bindings, initiate divorce, manage her own finances and be involved in legal proceedings as witnesses in court though non royal women were still bound as the mistress of the house the husband would not interfere instead allowing and trusting her to keep things in order including overseeing the house servants.
07. One Thousand (1000) Egyptian Gods
Like any culture across time ancient Egypt had its own belief system that included a belief in afterlife and worship of a grander being. The Egyptians believed and worshipped over 1,000 gods though only a handful are popularly known today. Included in some of the lesser known deities are “Tawa Rath” – the goddess of hippos, “Babi” – the god of wild baboons, “Nekhbet” – the goddess of vultures and “Best” – the god of dwarves. It is believed that many of Egypt’s gods were attributed to planets such as “Thoth”, who carried many principles connected to Mercury.
06. History’s First Death Sentence
The debate on capital punishment is one that has gone on for quite a long time. But it doesn’t seem to be one that ancient Egyptians ever questioned. The first recorded death sentence came during 16th century BC Egypt. The accused was a member of nobility that was accused of performing magic. Due to the individual’s status within society they were sentenced to end their own life rather than be on the sharp end of an axe like any non-noble man or woman sentenced to death would have been.
05. The Many Names of Egypt
Throughout its history Egypt has been given many different names. Between 26:50 and 21:34 BC Egypt was known as “Kemet” or Black Land, a reference to the dark rich soil that made up the Nile Valley. Thanks to the expanse of rolling deserts, it was also known as “Deseret” or Red Land. There was also a time when it was named for “Taw” – the god of craftsmen and architects, under the name of what capita or house of the cow of pita. After the Romans took rule of the area after Octavian’s defeat of Mark Anthony in 30 BC the province became known as “Ae Gyptos”.
04. Egyptian Belief on Creation
For ancient Egyptian mythology there was no Big Bang Theory and man didn’t evolve from primates like science believes today. Instead the creation of life all started with the sun god “Atum Ra”. According to Egyptian belief “Atum Ra” was responsible for the creation of the universe in one day and the six days that follow progress of life followed. On day 2 Ra created “Shu” – the god of air and his wife “Tefnut” – the goddess of moisture. Shu and Tefnut gave birth to Nwt and Geb – the goddess of sky and the god of Earth.
What followed is something well-suited for a Jerry Springer episode as siblings Nwt and Geb weds and conceived Osiris, Horus the elder, Seth, Isis and Nephthys. In the final three days’ man was created by Khanoom in a potter’s wheel leading to the Egyptian belief that man is made of clay. Poor genome is said to be working constantly to create life.
03. Napoleon didn’t Shoot Off the Sphinx Nose
During the French campaign in Egypt from 1798 to 1801 AD, it is believed that Napoleon’s soldiers were responsible for the missing nose of the Great Sphinx. The myth spread like wildfire and was popular amongst those that visited the great structure but any good historian that performed a little research would have found that the nose was gone long before Napoleon entered Egypt. Even prior to Frances occupation, visitors to the Great Sphinx had mentioned the missing part. Instead ancient Arabian scholar Alma Creazy blamed the missing feature on Mohammed Sahib al dar after Soofi vandalized the structure in 1378 AD.
02. Advanced Medical Practices
One cause of death in ancient societies was a severe lack of medical know-how, but ancient Egyptian doctors were way ahead of their time. Egyptian physicians were known all over the world for their healing abilities, sometimes using medical practices that are still common today. It is believed that Egyptian medicine men were the first to sew wounds closed. Some doctors even having a personal suture kit that they carried in a hollowed bird bone case. Of course a good portion of their medical practices revolved around magic, but Egyptian physicians also used herbal medicines and surgery to extend one’s life. Ancient Egyptians were also known for providing prosthetics to those in need.
01. First Mummy is “Osiris”
The process of mummification is something that ancient Egyptians are widely known for, but where did it all start. Legend has it that Osiris had been murdered by his brother Seth and his body thrown into the Nile in a coffin built specifically for him. Osiris’s wife Isis sought out her husband’s body finding it and hiding it in marshland. Upon discovering this Seth dismembered Osiris’s corpse and dispersed it with Isis finding all but one piece. In order to assemble the body, she bandaged the parts back together turning Osiris into the first mummy. In this form Osiris formed and talked and travelled to the underworld where he would become king and judge of the dead.
So, those are the “Top 10 Amazing Facts about Ancient Egypt” and thanks for reading.
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